A B-52 bomber crashed into the Empire State Building in 1945. (And it crashed into the office that my Aunt Katherine normally sat in. Luckily, she was home sick that day.)

Chewing gum was “invented” by the Mayans over 300 years ago. They boiled the sap of the Sapodilla tree and chewed it.

In ancient Japan, there were public farting contests. Prizes were awarded for both loudest and also longest.

There are physical ways to pray. Some Native Americans dance. Some Sufis whirl. Christians fold their hands and bow their heads. Jews sway and bow. Muslims kneel and prostrate themselves. Quakers keep silent.

The Debt-to-GDP Ratio, Historically

Until 1935, the ratio of debt to GDP was in the teens and 20s. That climbed into the 40s as FDR struggled to battle depression and prepare for WWI. It spiked during the war at 119% and broke below 90% in 1950. Then it gradually dropped into the low 50s and high 40s during the first half of the 1960s. It dropped into the 30s in the late 1960s and 1970s, and stayed in that range till 1985. After that, it gradually climbed as high as 65% in 1995, then went back down to 55% in 2000.

Cleopatra was born in 69 BCE – closer to the Apollo 11 moon landing (1969) than the time when the pyramids of Giza were built (roughly 2550 to 2490 BCE).